The realized net profit that the company established in the Republic of
Croatia realizes by performing activities/services and decides to pay to the
members of the company / founder is taxable by corporate tax after
withholding (for legal persons) or the income tax from the capital (for
Members of the company who are tax residents of the Republic of Croatia,
are fully subject to domestic tax legislation, while the situation is more
complex for legal and natural persons who are not residents of the Republic
of Croatia, because in these cases the provisions of the International
contract for the avoidance of double taxation must be also considered. This
is especially important in the cases when a law prescribed is more
favourable for taxpayer, the dividend recipient or profit share.
In this way with The international contract on the avoidance of double
taxation between the Republic of Croatia and FR of Germany a tax rate of
5% of the gross amount of the dividends is foreseen if the beneficial
owner is a company (other than a partnership) which holds directly at least
10% of the capital of the company paying the dividends.
In all other cases, when the beneficial owner of dividends is a natural person
or a company that owns less than 10% of the capital of the company paying
the dividends, the tax rate amounts 15% of the gross amount of
In the latter case, it is obvious that for a recipient of the dividends, that is a
natural person or a company that does not own at least 10% of the capital
of the a paying company, it is more favourable to apply national (Croatian)
law according to which a tax rate of 10% is prescribed.
A resident of the Republic of Germany who earns income / revenue from
dividends in or from the Republic of Croatia is obliged to report this income/dividend to the tax authorities of his home country.
It is important to emphasize that the purpose of The international contract
on the avoidance of double taxation is to recognise the tax paid at the
source country in order to prevent double taxation in the residence country
of the dividend recipient.
The agreement between the Republic of Croatia and the Republic of
Germany generally stipulates that the tax for a resident of the Federal
Republic of Germany is determined by excluding income from the Republic
of Croatia and property located in the Republic of Croatia, which can be
taxed in the Republic of Croatia.
For dividend income, those rule apply only if these dividends are paid to a
company (but not a company of persons) resident in the Federal Republic of
Germany from a company resident in the Republic of Croatia, of which at
least 10% of the capital is directly owned by a German company and when
these dividends are not deducted when determining profits of the company
From the day when the Republic of Croatia joined the European Union, it is
regulated that the withholding tax on dividends and profit shares don’t
have to be paid when dividends and profit shares are being paid to a
company that has one of the formations to which the common taxation
system applies, which applies to parent and affiliated companies from
different EU Member States, if the recipient of the dividend or profit share
has the least 10% share in the capital of the company which pays a dividend
or profit share and if it has the lowest percentage of shares in a continuous
period of 24 months.